What is the Difference Between a Good Latch and a Bad Latch?


Breastfeeding is often considered as one of the most natural acts for a mother, yet it can be quite challenging. One of the key factors that determine successful breastfeeding is the latch – how your baby attaches to your breast. A good latch ensures an adequate milk supply, prevents nipple soreness and discomfort, and promotes effective feeding. On the other hand, a bad latch can lead to various complications such as insufficient weight gain, poor milk transfer, or even early weaning. In this article, we will discuss the important Difference Between a Good Latch and a Bad Latch?

Difference Between a Good Latch and a Bad Latch?

Understanding the Difference Between a Good Latch and a Bad Latch?

Before diving into the differences, let us first understand what a latch is. A latch refers to how your baby attaches their mouth to your breast and starts actively sucking milk. The process of latching on is crucial for successful breastfeeding as it ensures that your baby receives enough milk while protecting your nipples from injury. A proper latch involves your baby taking in both the nipple and a significant portion of the areola, which is the darker area surrounding the nipple.

Characteristics of a Good Latch

A good latch is when your baby’s mouth covers most of your areola, not just the nipple. This ensures that they can effectively draw milk from all areas of your breast. Other characteristics of a good latch include:

  • Lips flanged out:

 When your baby latches on correctly, their lips should be flared out like a fish. This creates a tight seal around the nipple and helps prevent any pain or discomfort.

  • Chin touching the breast:

 Your baby’s chin should be touching your breast, allowing their nose to remain free for breathing. This position also ensures that they are able to swallow milk easily.

  • No clicking sound:

A good latch should not produce any clicking sounds. If you hear clicking, it may indicate that your baby is not latched on properly and is not receiving enough milk.

Signs of a Good Latch

On the other hand, here are some signs of a good latch:

  • Comfortable for both mother and baby:

 A good latch should not cause any pain or discomfort for either the mother or the baby. The baby’s lips should be flanged out, and their chin should touch the breast during feeding.

  • Effective milk removal:

 A good latch allows the baby to effectively remove milk from the breast, leading to adequate weight gain and a healthy milk supply for the mother.

  • Audible swallowing:

 You should be able to hear your baby swallow during a feeding session, indicating that they are latched on properly and removing milk effectively.

  • Relaxed hands:

A baby with a good latch will have relaxed hands, indicating that they are comfortable and not struggling to stay latched.

Importance of a Good Latch

A good latch is crucial for both the mother and the baby. For the mother, it helps prevent nipple pain and discomfort, reduces the risk of blocked milk ducts and mastitis, and promotes efficient milk production. For the baby, a good latch ensures they receive enough milk to grow and develop properly, reduces gas and colic, and promotes proper jaw development. A good latch also encourages bonding between the mother and baby through skin-to-skin contact during feeding.

Tips for Achieving a Good Latch

Here are some tips to help you achieve a good latch:

  • Positioning:

Make sure you and your baby are in a comfortable position, with their head facing your breast. The baby’s body should be aligned with yours, and their nose should be at the level of your nipple.

  • Mouth position:

Your baby’s mouth should be wide open with their lips flanged outwards. This will ensure a deep latch and proper suction.

  • Nose and chin contact:

The baby’s nose and chin should be in contact with your breast, creating a seal that helps them to breathe comfortably while nursing.

  • Support:

Use your hand to support your breast and guide it into the baby’s mouth. This will ensure they take in as much of the areola (the dark area around the nipple) as possible, rather than just the nipple itself.

  • Signs of a good latch:

If your baby is latched on properly, their mouth will cover most of the areola, and you should be able to see and hear them swallowing milk. They may also have relaxed hands and a slightly open mouth.

Causes of a Bad Latch

A bad latch can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Positioning:

 If you and your baby are not in the correct position for nursing, it can lead to a shallow latch. Make sure you and your baby are comfortable and positioned correctly before beginning a feeding session.

  • Tongue or lip tie:

Some babies are born with a condition called tongue or lip tie, which can make it difficult for them to latch on properly. This can cause discomfort for the mother and difficulty for the baby in removing milk from the breast.

  • Breast shape or size:

Some mothers may have inverted or flat nipples, which can make it challenging for the baby to latch on properly. Breast engorgement or large breasts can also make it difficult for a baby to latch on correctly.

  • Bottle feeding:

Introducing a bottle too early can cause nipple confusion for the baby, making it difficult for them to latch on properly.

Signs of a Bad Latch

A bad latch can be caused by various factors such as an improper positioning or an anatomical issue with either the mother’s breast or the baby’s mouth. Some signs of a bad latch include:

  • Nipple pain:

 If you feel any discomfort or pain while breastfeeding, it could be a sign of a bad latch. This may also result in sore and cracked nipples.

  • Ineffective feeding:

A poor latch can make it difficult for your baby to extract milk from the breast, resulting in inadequate weight gain or even weight loss.

  • Audible swallowing:

 If you can hear your baby gulping or smacking while nursing, it may indicate that they are not latched on properly.


A good latch is crucial for successful breastfeeding. It not only ensures that the baby receives enough milk but also helps prevent common breastfeeding issues. If you are experiencing any of the signs of a bad latch, it is essential to seek help from a lactation consultant or your healthcare provider. They can assist you in correcting your baby’s latch and making breastfeeding an enjoyable experience for both you and your little one.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q: Can a bad latch affect my milk supply?

A: Yes, a poor latch can lead to ineffective milk removal and consequently, decrease in milk supply.

Q: How long should a feeding session last?

A: A feeding session could last anywhere from 10-30 minutes depending on your baby’s age and needs. However, if your baby is latched correctly, they will usually finish their feed within 15-20 minutes. If the feeding session lasts longer than 30 minutes or if you experience pain during the entire session, it could be a sign of a bad latch. So, it is essential to ensure a good latch for efficient and effective feeding.

Q: Can I breastfeed with an inverted nipple?

A: Yes, breastfeeding is possible with inverted or flat nipples. However, you may need to work on the baby’s latch and position to ensure proper milk transfer. A lactation consultant can guide you in this process.

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